Lesson 4 – Applying the 15 Keys

Assignment 1

The 18th Amendment reads in part: 

…the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

The Amendment was ratified in 1919 and later repealed by the passage of the 21st Amendment in 1933. If you had been a part of the original debate on the 18th Amendment, which of the keys would you have applied to add clarity to the discussion?

– Assignment 1 Student Comments

Assignment 2

James Madison, as one of the authors of The Federalist Papers shows that the expected income for operation of the national government would come from a particular source. Please read this excerpt Federalist #45:

The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government, are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.

Why did James Madison think that sufficient revenue would come from this source to run the national government? Do you think that this would provide enough revenue to operate the national government today? Which of the 15 keys would support your argument?

– Assignment 2 Student Comments